All in-person data collection for FEHNCY is currently on hold to comply with the physical and social distancing recommendations issued by the provincial and federal governments. The FEHNCY team will be conducting remote only data collection in the Winter and Spring of 2021 and will continue modifying the project methods, timeline, and protocols in collaboration with First Nation partners to adapt to the current circumstances. The mobile clinic component has been postponed until further notice.

THE STUDY

A national study on the HEALTH of First Nations children and youth

FEHNCY is a  cross-Canada research study that will look at the nutrition, health and environment of First Nations children and youth aged 3-19 in communities through partnerships and community participation.

Who can participate in this research study?

IN EACH PARTICIPATING COMMUNITY:

100 FAMILIES WITH CHILDREN AGED 3 TO 19

Households with children will be approached to complete surveys and have their homes inspected for mould, dust and indoor air quality. The children will be invited to have a variety of health measures taken at the mobile clinic.

24 CHILDREN AND YOUTH AGED 6 TO 19

Children and youth will be invited to participate in 2 separate group discussions (12 children aged 6 to 11 and 12 children aged 12 to 19) that will use drawing activities to explore their perspectives about the availability and access to food within their community.

12 TO 15 LOCAL FOOD EXPERTS

Interviews will be conducted with local food system experts (including traditional food harvesters, social workers, policymakers, store managers, and school/ daycare administrators and teachers) to gather knowledge about community members' access to traditional, store-bought and alternative food sources.

Community Timeline

Actual start dates are subject to change based on modifications related to COVID-19

What activities will take place in your community?

Food and Nutrition Food and Nutrition
Housing Conditions Housing Conditions
Mobile Clinic Mobile Clinic
Community Engagement and Mobilization Community Engagement and Mobilization

Food and Nutrition

  • Group discussions with children and youth aged 6 to 19
  • Interviews with local food system experts (including traditional food harvesters, social workers, policymakers, store managers, and school/daycare administrators and teachers)
  • Assessment of availability, cost and quality of foods in local stores
  • Questionnaire (for 100 children and youth aged 3 to 19) to ask about;
    • Traditional and store-bought food intake
    • Access to food
    • Food security
    • Physical and sedentary activities

Housing Conditions

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, this component is modified until further notice.

 

To study possible links between children’s health and exposure to potential contaminants in their homes, the following will be conducted in 100 households:

  • Inspection for housing conditions, mould and water damage.
  • Household dust collection to measure substances that are harmful to lung health.
  • Indoor air quality assessment using up to 3 types of monitors:
    1. An indoor air quality (IAQ) monitor will measure levels of chemicals that can affect lung health such as carbon dioxide and nitrogen dioxide, as well as relative humidity and the temperature in the home.
    2. A volatile organic compound (VOC) monitor will measure levels of gases released from household products such as paint, disinfectants and air fresheners.
    3. A radon detector will measure this radioactive gas that can accumulate to high levels in homes and increase the risk of lung cancer, especially in smokers.

Learn more about Housing Conditions and Indoor Air Quality.

Mobile Clinic

Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, this component is postponed until further notice.

 

To measure children’s health and nutritional status as well as their exposure to environmental contaminants, the following will be measured or collected from 100 children and youth aged 3 to 19 by trained personnel:

  • Height, weight, waist circumference
  • Body composition
  • Blood pressure
  • Lung function
  • Hair sample
  • Blood sample
  • Urine sample

A questionnaire will also ask about:

  • Health and lifestyle: questions about the child’s general health, lifestyle, chronic illnesses, and injuries.
  • Mental health and substance use (if desired by community leadership).

Learn more about The Mobile Clinic.

Community Engagement and Mobilization

Community engagement and mobilization will focus on developing activities to engage community members and youth, valuing Indigenous knowledge, and developing strong relationships with First Nations communities.

Promoting cultural safety and respectful partnerships with Indigenous communities and families is a key part of the FEHNCY study.

Learn more about Community Engagement and Mobilization.